By definition, flooding is viewed as the unusual presence of water on land, to a depth that interrupts normal activities. River and flash flooding are usually caused by an unprecedented level of rainfall, spanning a short period of time. While spring flooding arises when there is a rapid snow melt, which delivers water into the hydrological system, more than could be drained. This infographic expresses some facts about flooding in the UK.
Whenever the word ‘hazard’ is mentioned, there is a perceived sense of fear. A hazard is believed to be any substance, material, procedure or process that has the potential to inflict harm or unfavourable health impact, to a given person under specific conditions.
Chemicals have an impact on our everyday lives, these chemicals are utilised in the manufacturing of the majority of products such as medicines, food, gasoline and electrical equipment. It is believed that up to 70, 000 chemicals are regularly utilised around the world. These chemical substances are formed naturally in the atmosphere, whilst others are either man-made or synthetic.
Hazardous waste are generated when chemical substances are incorrectly disposed of and this waste can pose a threat to humans, plants and animals. Hazardous waste is also believed to be a by-product of the manufacturing process. These wastes consist of oil-based paints, pesticides, cleaning products, fluorescent light bulbs, chlorinated solvents, old batteries, metal wastes and paint thinners.
Four Core Characteristics of hazardous waste:
Hazardous waste are classified according to their dangerous properties or features. These waste are as follows:
Flammable: This type of hazardous waste can easily lead to flames. It could cause irritation to the skin, eyes and lungs. Good examples of ignitable wastes are gasoline, furniture polish and paint.
Toxic: Toxic waste are considered to be fatal when consumed. They include weed killers, pesticides and a host of other household cleaners.
Reactive: Reactive wastes are believed to be unstable under ‘standard’ conditions. This type of hazardous waste creates poisonous gas when mixed with other chemicals.
Corrosive: Corrosive wastes are generally acids or bases with a pH that is less or equal to 2, or is greater than or equal to 12.5. Due to the high presence of acids and alkaline, the waste can easily dissolve materials they come into contact with. Acids will penetrate through metal and burn skin.
Technological advancement has enhanced our ability to treat and dispose of hazardous waste. There are regulations that govern how hazardous waste is stored, transported and disposed. Conventional methods in storing and disposing of hazardous waste comprise of surface impoundments, high-temperature incineration, deep well injection and hazardous waste landfills. At Hydro Cleansing, we have over 15 years’ experience in storing, transporting and disposing of hazardous waste. Contact Hydro Cleansing on 0800 740 8888
Flood warning is that prediction from meteorologists that seem to send shivers down the spines of local residents. During these times, we glance at flood maps, to see places that are more susceptible to flooding. We do not stop here but proceed to Met Office UK weather forecasts and leading News websites. From experience, we realise that taking these warnings lightly may prove to be detrimental.
A common thought from Heraclitus goes thus: “There is nothing permanent except change.” Knowing change is permanent and that a flood warning may not lead to flooding, we constantly look up on updates from these popular weather sites. Regardless, it is important to plan ahead and make certain adjustments that will mitigate the chances of home flooding.
Tips on preventing home flooding
- Cleaning rain gutters: Regular maintenance of gutters are required for the free flow of water. It is advisable to clear debris from these gutters at least twice a year. Doing this helps to prevent your home from flooding.
- Purchasing flood sensors: Contemporary technology has provided homeowners with an opportunity to invest in flood sensors. These sensors are designed to alert homeowners when water flows to an unexpected part of the home. Flood sensors are capable of detecting water from leaking or burst pipes, dripping AC systems or neglected faucets.
- Automated Shutoff Valves: These valves are believed to be the difference between the manageable and the catastrophic. They are normally installed close to the main water inlet, inside your home. Automated water sensors are expected to prevent serious flood damage inside your home and are at best when integrated with your home security system.
- Determining the flow of water around your house: Understanding the grading or slope to or from your house is very important. It is essential to ascertain if the home was built for water to drain away or not
- Going for major retrofit: These are drastic and to some degree expensive procedures, which could comprise of raising your home on piers so that the lowest floor is above the flood. Other measures could also include installation of foundation vents and dry proofing. These are expected to allow for a better flow of water and prevent flooding.
- Anchor and raise outdoor equipment: It is beneficial to anchor and raise generators, fuel tanks and air-conditioning units above flood level. Unanchored fuel tanks have the possibility of breaking free and polluting the house environment.
- Keep informed: This might sound the simplest of all tips, but it is very important. Checking the Met Office weather updates, will help you be one step ahead of proceedings.
Except your house is situated on the top of Mount Kilimanjaro or your yard has a perfect downward slope, you could be a potential victim of flooding. This is not aimed at scaring you to acquire a raft or a canoe but to empower you to take the necessary steps in preventing your home from flooding.